Sputter grown Fe and Fe/Cr multilayers with fourfold magnetic anisotropy on GaAs

R. Mansell, D.C.M.C. Petit, A. Fernandez-Pacheco, R. Lavrijsen, J.H. Lee, R.P. Cowburn

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Abstract

Thin films of Fe have been epitaxially sputtered on GaAs substrates with native oxide removal prior to the deposition carried out by an Ar ion milling. Films grown at substrate temperatures above 100 °C show well-defined fourfold anisotropies. The onset of epitaxial growth is accompanied by an increase in the surface roughness with growth occurring in a distinct island-like pattern. The Fe layers show significantly reduced moments, which decrease with increasing temperature. Antiferromagnetic coupling between Fe layers with Cr spacers was measured in a multilayer with a Cr thickness of 2.7 nm, around the second antiferromagnetic peak. The magnetic properties of the films are discussed in the context of multilayer storage applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2000105
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Magnetic anisotropy
  • magnetic hysteresis
  • magnetic multilayers
  • spintronics
  • Magnetic multilayers
  • Magnetic hysteresis
  • Spintronics

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