Spin-orbit interaction and induced superconductivity in a one-dimensional hole gas

Folkert K. de Vries, Jie Shen, Rafal J. Skolasinski, Michal P. Nowak, Daniel Varjas, Lin Wang, Michael Wimmer, Joost Ridderbos, Floris A. Zwanenburg, Ang Li, Sebastian Koelling, Marcel A. Verheijen, Erik P.A.M. Bakkers, Leo P. Kouwenhoven

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Low dimensional semiconducting structures with strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and induced superconductivity attracted great interest in the search for topological superconductors. Both the strong SOI and hard superconducting gap are directly related to the topological protection of the predicted Majorana bound states. Here we explore the one-dimensional hole gas in germanium silicon (Ge-Si) core-shell nanowires (NWs) as a new material candidate for creating a topological superconductor. Fitting multiple Andreev reflection measurements shows that the NW has two transport channels only, underlining its one-dimensionality. Furthermore, we find anisotropy of the Landé g-factor that, combined with band structure calculations, provides us qualitative evidence for the direct Rashba SOI and a strong orbital effect of the magnetic field. Finally, a hard superconducting gap is found in the tunneling regime and the open regime, where we use the Kondo peak as a new tool to gauge the quality of the superconducting gap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6483-6488
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2018


  • g-factor anisotropy
  • hole transport
  • Josephson junction
  • multiple Andreev reflection
  • nanowires
  • Spin-orbit interaction
  • Spinâ'orbit interaction


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