Spin current cross-correlations as a probe of magnon coherence

Scott A. Bender, Akashdeep Kamra, Wolfgang Belzig, Rembert A. Duine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Motivated by the important role of the normalized second-order coherence function, often called g^{(2)}, in the field of quantum optics, we propose a method to determine magnon coherence in solid-state devices. Namely, we show that the cross-correlations of pure spin currents injected by a ferromagnet into two metal leads, normalized by their dc value, replicate the behavior of g^{(2)} when magnons are driven far from equilibrium. We consider two scenarios: driving by ferromagnetic resonance, which leads to the coherent occupation of a single mode, and driving by heating of the magnons, which leads to an excess of incoherent magnons. We find an enhanced normalized cross-correlation in the latter case, thereby demonstrating bunching of nonequilibrium thermal magnons due to their bosonic statistics. Our results contribute to the burgeoning field of quantum magnonics, which seeks to explore and exploit the quantum nature of magnons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number187701
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2019

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