Spectral integration of broadband signals in diotoc and dichotic masking experiments

A. Langhans, A.G. Kohlrausch

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The method of Gässler [Acustica 4, 408–414 (1954)] was used to measure the audibility of multicomponent signals as a function of their bandwidth against a broadband, white-noise masker. Test signals were composed of 1 to 41 sinusoids with a spectral spacing of 10 Hz and were always spectrally centered around 400 Hz. Masker duration was 400 ms and the 300-ms signals were centered within the noise intervals. A three-interval forced-choice procedure with adaptive level adjustment was applied. NoSo, NoSm, NoSp, and NpSo masked thresholds were obtained for four subjects. A comparison of the diotic and the three dichotic conditions yields no significant difference in the bandwidth dependence and suggests equal integration bandwidths for all conditions. However, the original results of Gässler could not be replicated: Neither were the overall levels of signals with a bandwidth below the critical bandwidth constant nor were the results for broadband signals in accordance with a single-band model of detection. The narrow-band data are much better described by calculating the overall signal level at the output of a rounded exponential filter [Patterson et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 72, 1788–1803 (1982)] with an equivalent rectangular bandwidth of 65 Hz. For broader signal bandwidths, the signal level at threshold increases as predicted by a multiband model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-326
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1992


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