Spectral and temporal evidence of robust photonic bound states in the continuum on terahertz metasurfaces

D.R. Abujetas, Niels van Hoof, Stan ter Huurne, Jaime Gomez Rivas (Corresponding author), Jose A. Sanchez-Gil (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Photonic bound states in the continuum (BICs) are protected eigenstates in optical systems with infinite lifetimes. This unique property, which translates in infinite Q-factor resonances, makes BICs extremely interesting not only from a fundamental perspective but also for various applications such as lasing and sensing. General means to achieve robust BICs are, however, elusive. Here we demonstrate analytically that BICs emerge in metasurfaces formed by arrays of detuned resonant dipolar dimers as a universal behavior occurring regardless of both dipole position within the unit cell and lattice constant in the nondiffracting regime. These resonances evolve continuously from a Fano resonance into a symmetry-protected BIC as the dipole detuning vanishes. We have experimentally verified this very robust response at terahertz frequencies through dimer rod arrays with different rod sizes by simultaneously measuring the reduction of linewidth and the increase of lifetime before the BIC is formed, as it is impossible to couple to it from the continuum. Similar configurations can be straightforwardly envisioned throughout the electromagnetic spectrum, enabling a simple geometry that is easy to fabricate with resonances of arbitrarily high Q factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)996-1001
Number of pages6
JournalOptica
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2019

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