Sorption tubes packed with polydimethylsiloxane: a new and promising technique for the preconcentration of volatiles and semi-volatiles from air and gaseous samples

H.A. Baltussen, F. David, P.J.F. Sandra, J.G.M. Janssen, C.A.M.G. Cramers

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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of volatile and semi-volatile organic components in air and gaseous (headspace) samples, focusing primarily on polar analytes. Samples were analyzed by preconcentration on different (ad)sorbents followed by thermal desorption and analysis by capillary gas chromatography. The performance of a cartridge filled with 100% polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) particles was compared to that of adsorbents like Tenax TA and Carbotrap 300. Though the PDMS phase is non-polar it showed adequate retention for both polar and non-polar components. The blank runs of the PDMS trap were significantly better than those of most adsorbents and did not deteriorate, as was the case with all the conventional adsorbents investigated. With respect to trapping efficiencies, the PDMS phase performed better for most of the analytes under investigation compared to the adsorbents. For a range of analytes including triethylamine, butanone, diacetyl, nicotine, and acetic acid the PDMS phase performed exceptionally well whereas all adsorbents showed unsatisfactory performance. The packed PDMS traps were employed for the determination of organic acids, PAH's and nitro-PAH's in air and for the analysis of the headspace of cacao and hop.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-340
JournalJournal of High Resolution Chromatography
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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