Sorption induced relaxations during water diffusion in S-PEEK

J. Potreck, Fuat Uyar, H. Sijbesma, D.C. Nijmeijer, D. Stamatialis, M. Wessling

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Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the sorption kinetics of water vapor and liquid water in the glassy polymer sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (S-PEEK). Sorption isotherms are determined experimentally using a gravimetric sorption balance, and the relative contributions of Fickian diffusion and relaxational phenomena are quantified as a function of the water concentration in the polymer using the model of Hopfenberg and Berens. Analysis of the sorption isotherms and determination of the sorption kinetics prove the occurrence of both Fickian sorption behavior and relaxational phenomena already at very low water concentrations in the polymer. With increasing water concentration, the relative importance of relaxation phenomena increases, whereas the relative contribution of Fickian diffusion decreases. Based on the water vapor sorption kinetics only, the Fickian diffusion coefficient increases over two orders of magnitude with increasing water vapor concentration. Taking also the diffusion kinetics from liquid water sorption experiments into account reveals a change of even three orders of magnitude of the Fickian diffusion coefficient when the water concentration in the polymer increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-308
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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