Solutions and properties of the pridmore-brown equation

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A study is made of acoustic duct modes in 2D and axi-symmetric 3D lined ducts with isentropic inviscid transversely non-uniform mean flow and sound speed. These modes are described by a one-dimensional eigenvalue problem consisting of a Pridmore-Brown equation complemented by hard-wall or impedance-wall boundary conditions. A numerical solution, based on a Galerkin projection and an efficient method for the resulting non-linear eigenvalue problem, is compared with analytical approximations for low and high frequencies. A collection of results is presented and discussed. Modal wave numbers are traced in the complex plane for varying impedance, showing the usual regular modes and surface waves. A study of a vanishing boundary layer (the Ingard limit) showed that, in contrast to the smoothly converging acoustic modes and downstream running acoustic surface wave, the convergence of the other surface waves is difficult to reproduce numerically. Effects of (transverse) turning points and exponential decay are discussed. Especially the occurrence of modes insensitive to the wall impedance is pointed out. Cut-on wave numbers of hard-wall modes are presented as a function of frequency. A strongly non-uniform mean flow gives rise to strong differences between modal behaviour for low and for high frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 2019
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
ISBN (Print)9781624105883
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 2019 - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 20 May 201923 May 2019


Conference25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 2019


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