Sodium-ion battery materials and electrochemical properties reviewed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The demand for electrochemical energy storage technologies is rapidly increasing due to the proliferation of renewable energy sources and the emerging markets of grid- scale battery applications. The properties of batteries and electrochemical energy storage (EES) technologies ideal for most of these applications, yet, faced with resource constraints, the ability of current lithium-ion batteries (LIB) to match this overwhelming demand is uncertain. Sodium-ion batteries (SIB) are a novel class of batteries with similar performance characteristics to LIB. Since they are composed of earth abundant elements, cheaper and utility scale battery modules can be assembled. As a result of the learning curve in LIB technology, a phenomenal progression in material development has been realised in the SIB concept. In this SIB review, various innovative strategies used in material development, as well as the electrochemical properties of possible anode, cathode and electrolyte combinations are unravelled. Attractive performance characteristics are herein evidenced, based on comparative gravimetric and volumetric energy densities to state-of-the-art LIB. Furthermore, opportunities and challenges towards commercialization are herein discussed. Combined with more industrial adaptations, the commercial prospects of SIB look promising and this challenging new technology is set to play a major role in grid-scale EES applications.
LanguageEnglish
Article number1800079
Number of pages49
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume8
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2018

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Electrochemical properties
Materials properties
Sodium
Ions
Energy storage
Electrolytes
Anodes
Cathodes
Earth (planet)
Lithium-ion batteries

Keywords

  • anodes
  • cathodes
  • electrolytes
  • patents
  • sodium-ion batteries

Cite this

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Sodium-ion battery materials and electrochemical properties reviewed. / Chayambuka, Kudakwashe; Mulder, Grietus; Danilov, Dmitri L.; Notten, Peter H.L.

In: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, No. 16, 1800079, 30.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - The demand for electrochemical energy storage technologies is rapidly increasing due to the proliferation of renewable energy sources and the emerging markets of grid- scale battery applications. The properties of batteries and electrochemical energy storage (EES) technologies ideal for most of these applications, yet, faced with resource constraints, the ability of current lithium-ion batteries (LIB) to match this overwhelming demand is uncertain. Sodium-ion batteries (SIB) are a novel class of batteries with similar performance characteristics to LIB. Since they are composed of earth abundant elements, cheaper and utility scale battery modules can be assembled. As a result of the learning curve in LIB technology, a phenomenal progression in material development has been realised in the SIB concept. In this SIB review, various innovative strategies used in material development, as well as the electrochemical properties of possible anode, cathode and electrolyte combinations are unravelled. Attractive performance characteristics are herein evidenced, based on comparative gravimetric and volumetric energy densities to state-of-the-art LIB. Furthermore, opportunities and challenges towards commercialization are herein discussed. Combined with more industrial adaptations, the commercial prospects of SIB look promising and this challenging new technology is set to play a major role in grid-scale EES applications.

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