Social Study Resources and Social Wellbeing Before and During the Intelligent COVID-19 Lockdown in The Netherlands

Llewellyn Ellardus van Zyl (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
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The first intelligent COVID-19 lockdown resulted in radical changes within the tertiary educational system within the Netherlands. These changes posed new challenges for university students and many social welfare agencies have warned that it could have adverse effects on the social wellbeing (SWB) of university students. Students may lack the necessary social study-related resources (peer- and lecturer support) (SSR) necessary to aid them in coping with the new demands that the lockdown may bring. As such, the present study aimed to investigate the trajectory patterns, rate of change and longitudinal associations between SSR and SWB of 175 Dutch students before and during the COVID-19 lockdown. A piecewise latent growth modelling approach was employed to sample students’ experiences over three months. Participants to complete a battery of psychometric assessments for five weeks before the COVID-19 lockdown was implemented, followed by two directly after and a month follow-up. The results were paradoxical and contradicting to initial expectations. Where SSR showed a linear rate of decline before- and significant growth trajectory during the lockdown, SWB remained moderate and stable. Further, initial levels and growth trajectories between SSR and SWB were only associated before the lockdown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-415
Number of pages23
JournalSocial indicators research
Issue number1
Early online date10 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • Piecewise latent growth modelling
  • Social study resources
  • Social wellbeing
  • University students


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