Slowly varying modes in a two-dimensional duct with shear flow and lined walls

S.W. Rienstra (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A slowly varying modes solution of Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin type is derived for the problem of sound propagation in a slowly varying two-dimensional duct with homentropic inviscid sheared mean flow and acoustically lined walls of slowly varying impedance. The modal shape function and axial wavenumber are described by the Pridmore-Brown eigenvalue equation. The slowly varying modal amplitude is determined in the usual way by an equation resulting from a solvability condition. For a general mean flow, this equation can be solved in the form of an incomplete adiabatic invariant. Due to conservation of specific mean vorticity along streamlines, two simplifications prove possible for a linearly sheared mean flow: (i) an analytically exact approximation for the mean flow, and (ii) a complete adiabatic invariant for the acoustics. For this last configuration some example cases are evaluated numerically, where the Pridmore-Brown eigenvalue problem is solved by a Galerkin projection combined with an efficient nonlinear iteration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA23
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2021


  • aeroacoustics
  • computational methods


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