TY - JOUR

T1 - Skalak's extended theory of water hammer

AU - Tijsseling, A.S.

AU - Lambert, M.F.

AU - Simpson, A.R.

AU - Stephens, M.L.

AU - Vítkovský, J.P.

AU - Bergant, A.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Half a century ago Richard Skalak [see T.C. Skalak, A dedication in memoriam of Dr. Richard Skalak, Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering 1 (1999) 1–18] published a paper with the title "An extension of the theory of water hammer" [R. Skalak, An Extension of the Theory of Water Hammer, PhD Thesis, Faculty of Pure Science, Columbia University, New York, USA, 1954; R. Skalak, An extension of the theory of water hammer, Water Power 7/8 (1955/1956) 458–462/17–22; R. Skalak, An extension of the theory of water hammer, Transactions of the ASME 78 (1956) 105–116], which has been the basis of much subsequent work on hydraulic transients with fluid–structure interaction (FSI). The paper considers the propagation of pressure waves in liquid-filled pipes and the coupled radial/axial response of the pipe walls. In a tribute to Skalak's work, his paper is revisited and some of his less-known results are used to assess the dispersion of pressure waves in long-distance pipelines. Skalak's theory predicts that the spreading of wave fronts due to FSI is small, at most of the order of 10 pipe diameters.

AB - Half a century ago Richard Skalak [see T.C. Skalak, A dedication in memoriam of Dr. Richard Skalak, Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering 1 (1999) 1–18] published a paper with the title "An extension of the theory of water hammer" [R. Skalak, An Extension of the Theory of Water Hammer, PhD Thesis, Faculty of Pure Science, Columbia University, New York, USA, 1954; R. Skalak, An extension of the theory of water hammer, Water Power 7/8 (1955/1956) 458–462/17–22; R. Skalak, An extension of the theory of water hammer, Transactions of the ASME 78 (1956) 105–116], which has been the basis of much subsequent work on hydraulic transients with fluid–structure interaction (FSI). The paper considers the propagation of pressure waves in liquid-filled pipes and the coupled radial/axial response of the pipe walls. In a tribute to Skalak's work, his paper is revisited and some of his less-known results are used to assess the dispersion of pressure waves in long-distance pipelines. Skalak's theory predicts that the spreading of wave fronts due to FSI is small, at most of the order of 10 pipe diameters.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsv.2007.10.037

DO - 10.1016/j.jsv.2007.10.037

M3 - Article

SN - 0022-460X

VL - 310

SP - 718

EP - 728

JO - Journal of Sound and Vibration

JF - Journal of Sound and Vibration

IS - 3

ER -