Singular value decomposition for removal of cardiac interference from trunk electromyogram

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2 Citations (Scopus)


A new algorithm based on singular value decomposition (SVD) to remove cardiac contamination from trunk electromyography (EMG) is proposed. Its performance is compared to currently available algorithms at different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). The algorithm is applied on individual channels. An experimental calibration curve to adjust the number of SVD components to the SNR (0–20 dB) is proposed. A synthetic dataset is generated by the combination of electrocardiography (ECG) and EMG to establish a ground truth reference for validation. The performance is compared with state-of-the-art algorithms: gating, high-pass filtering, template subtraction (TS), and independent component analysis (ICA). Its applicability on real data is investigated in an illustrative diaphragm EMG of a patient with sleep apnea. The SVD-based algorithm outperforms existing methods in reconstructing trunk EMG. It is superior to the others in the time (relative mean squared error < 15%) and frequency (shift in mean frequency < 1 Hz) domains. Its feasibility is proven on diaphragm EMG, which shows a better agreement with the respiratory cycle (correlation coefficient = 0.81, p-value < 0.01) compared with TS and ICA. Its application on real data is promising to non-obtrusively estimate respiratory effort for sleep-related breathing disorders. The algorithm is not limited to the need for additional reference ECG, increasing its applicability in clinical practice
Original languageEnglish
Article number573
Number of pages15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2021


  • Electrocardiograph interference
  • Quantitative assessment of performance
  • Respiratory monitoring
  • Singular value decomposition
  • Trunk electromyography


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