Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

Abstract

In recent years there is a considerable interest for singlet fission as a strategy to further increase the efficiency of organic solar cells. The prototypical example of singlet fission in organic molecules is pentacene which produces two triplet states after photoexcitation with a single photon with high quantum yield. Pentacene-fullerene solar cells in which the external quantum efficiency (EQE) exceeds 100% have been reported. One remarkable issue of these pentacene-fullerene solar cells is that their open-circuit voltage (Voc = 0.35 V) is relative high compared to the energy of the triplet state of pentacene (ET = 0.85 eV) from which the charges are created. Because the energy of the interfacial charge transfer state in organic solar cells can be estimated from ECTqVoc + 0.5 eV = 0.85 eV, the triplet and charge-transfer state are almost degenerate.

Here we study the relation between ECT, ET and the external quantum efficiency (EQE) for a series of inverted pentacene-fullerene bilayer solar cells employing five fullerene derivatives with different reduction potentials. By using fullerenes with more negative reduction potentials than C60, the open-circuit voltage of these cells can be increased to 0.55 V. In this case ECT ≈ 1.05 eV, which is much higher than ET. We find that when increasing ECT above ET there is a significant loss in EQE at wavelengths were pentacene absorbs light. This provides indirect, but compelling, evidence for singlet fission being the main mechanism for charge generation in pentacene-fullerene bilayers because charge transfer from the triplet state is now endergonic and will not occur efficiently. In contrast, if charge generation would occur from the singlet state of pentacene (ES = 1.83 eV), charge transfer would still be exergonic and the drop in EQE would not be expected.

Conference

ConferenceNext-Gen III: PV Materials 2017
CountryNetherlands
CityGroningen
Period2/07/175/07/17
Internet address

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fullerenes
fission
solar cells
quantum efficiency
charge transfer
atomic energy levels
open circuit voltage
photoexcitation
energy
photons
cells
wavelengths
molecules

Cite this

Willems, R. E. M., Wienk, M. M., Meskers, S. C. J., & Janssen, R. A. J. (2017). Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells. Poster session presented at Next-Gen III: PV Materials 2017, Groningen, Netherlands.
Willems, R.E.M. ; Wienk, M.M. ; Meskers, S.C.J. ; Janssen, R.A.J./ Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells. Poster session presented at Next-Gen III: PV Materials 2017, Groningen, Netherlands.
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Willems, REM, Wienk, MM, Meskers, SCJ & Janssen, RAJ 2017, 'Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells' Next-Gen III: PV Materials 2017, Groningen, Netherlands, 2/07/17 - 5/07/17, .

Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells. / Willems, R.E.M.; Wienk, M.M.; Meskers, S.C.J.; Janssen, R.A.J.

2017. Poster session presented at Next-Gen III: PV Materials 2017, Groningen, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells

AU - Willems,R.E.M.

AU - Wienk,M.M.

AU - Meskers,S.C.J.

AU - Janssen,R.A.J.

PY - 2017/7/5

Y1 - 2017/7/5

N2 - In recent years there is a considerable interest for singlet fission as a strategy to further increase the efficiency of organic solar cells. The prototypical example of singlet fission in organic molecules is pentacene which produces two triplet states after photoexcitation with a single photon with high quantum yield. Pentacene-fullerene solar cells in which the external quantum efficiency (EQE) exceeds 100% have been reported. One remarkable issue of these pentacene-fullerene solar cells is that their open-circuit voltage (Voc = 0.35 V) is relative high compared to the energy of the triplet state of pentacene (ET = 0.85 eV) from which the charges are created. Because the energy of the interfacial charge transfer state in organic solar cells can be estimated from ECT ≈ qVoc + 0.5 eV = 0.85 eV, the triplet and charge-transfer state are almost degenerate.Here we study the relation between ECT, ET and the external quantum efficiency (EQE) for a series of inverted pentacene-fullerene bilayer solar cells employing five fullerene derivatives with different reduction potentials. By using fullerenes with more negative reduction potentials than C60, the open-circuit voltage of these cells can be increased to 0.55 V. In this case ECT ≈ 1.05 eV, which is much higher than ET. We find that when increasing ECT above ET there is a significant loss in EQE at wavelengths were pentacene absorbs light. This provides indirect, but compelling, evidence for singlet fission being the main mechanism for charge generation in pentacene-fullerene bilayers because charge transfer from the triplet state is now endergonic and will not occur efficiently. In contrast, if charge generation would occur from the singlet state of pentacene (ES = 1.83 eV), charge transfer would still be exergonic and the drop in EQE would not be expected.

AB - In recent years there is a considerable interest for singlet fission as a strategy to further increase the efficiency of organic solar cells. The prototypical example of singlet fission in organic molecules is pentacene which produces two triplet states after photoexcitation with a single photon with high quantum yield. Pentacene-fullerene solar cells in which the external quantum efficiency (EQE) exceeds 100% have been reported. One remarkable issue of these pentacene-fullerene solar cells is that their open-circuit voltage (Voc = 0.35 V) is relative high compared to the energy of the triplet state of pentacene (ET = 0.85 eV) from which the charges are created. Because the energy of the interfacial charge transfer state in organic solar cells can be estimated from ECT ≈ qVoc + 0.5 eV = 0.85 eV, the triplet and charge-transfer state are almost degenerate.Here we study the relation between ECT, ET and the external quantum efficiency (EQE) for a series of inverted pentacene-fullerene bilayer solar cells employing five fullerene derivatives with different reduction potentials. By using fullerenes with more negative reduction potentials than C60, the open-circuit voltage of these cells can be increased to 0.55 V. In this case ECT ≈ 1.05 eV, which is much higher than ET. We find that when increasing ECT above ET there is a significant loss in EQE at wavelengths were pentacene absorbs light. This provides indirect, but compelling, evidence for singlet fission being the main mechanism for charge generation in pentacene-fullerene bilayers because charge transfer from the triplet state is now endergonic and will not occur efficiently. In contrast, if charge generation would occur from the singlet state of pentacene (ES = 1.83 eV), charge transfer would still be exergonic and the drop in EQE would not be expected.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Willems REM, Wienk MM, Meskers SCJ, Janssen RAJ. Singlet fission in pentacene-fullerene solar cells. 2017. Poster session presented at Next-Gen III: PV Materials 2017, Groningen, Netherlands.