Design of integrated RF circuits requires detailed insight in the behavior of the used components. Unintended coupling and perturbation effects need to be accounted for before production, but full simulation of these effects can be expensive or infeasible. In this paper we present a method to build nonlinear phase macromodels of voltage controlled oscillators. These models can be used to accurately predict the behavior of individual and mutually coupled oscillators under perturbation at a lower cost than full circuit simulations.
The approach is illustrated by numerical experiments with realistic designs.