Simple and computationally attractive lower and upper bounds are presented for the call congestion such as those representing multi-server loss or delay stations. Numerical computations indicate a potential usefulness of the bounds for quick engineering purposes. The bounds correspond to product-form modifications and are intuitively appealing. A formal proof of the bounds and related monotonicity results will be presented. The technique of this proof, which is based on Markov reward theory, is of interest in itself and seems promising for further application. The extension to the non-exponential case is discussed. For multiserver loss stations the bounds are argued to be insensitive.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Queueing Systems: Theory and Applications|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|