Short‐term traffic speed prediction is one of the most critical components of an intelligent transportation system (ITS). The accurate and real‐time prediction of traffic speeds can support travellers’ route choices and traffic guidance/control. In this article, a support vector machine model (single‐step prediction model) composed of spatial and temporal parameters is proposed. Furthermore, a short‐term traffic speed prediction model is developed based on the single‐step prediction model. To test the accuracy of the proposed short‐term traffic speed prediction model, its application is illustrated using GPS data from taxis in Foshan city, China. The results indicate that the error of the short‐term traffic speed prediction varies from 3.31% to 15.35%. The support vector machine model with spatial‐temporal parameters exhibits good performance compared with an artificial neural network, a k‐nearest neighbor model, a historical data‐based model, and a moving average data‐based model.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Jul 2016|