Shear-induced migration of rigid particles near an interface between a Newtonian and a viscoelastic fluid

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Abstract

Simulations of rigid particles suspended in two-phase shear flow are presented, where one of the suspending fluids is viscoelastic, whereas the other is Newtonian. The Cahn-Hilliard diffuse-interface model is employed for the fluid-fluid interface, which can naturally describe the interactions between the particle and the interface (e.g., particle adsorption). It is shown that particles can migrate across streamlines of the base flow, which is due to the surface tension of the fluid-fluid interface and a difference in normal stresses between the two fluids. The particle is initially located in the viscoelastic fluid, and its migration is investigated in terms of the Weissenberg number Wi (shear rate times relaxation time) and capillary number Ca (viscous stress over capillary stress). Four regimes of particle migration are observed, which can roughly be described by migration away from the interface for Wi = 0, halted migration toward the interface for low Wi and low Ca, particle adsorption at the interface for high Wi and low Ca, and penetration into the Newtonian fluid for high Wi and high Ca. It is found that the angular velocity of the particle plays a large role in determining the final location of the particle, especially for high Wi. From morphology plots, it is deduced that the different dynamics can be described well by considering a balance in the first-normal stress difference and Laplace pressure. However, it is shown that other parameters, such as the equilibrium contact angle and diffusion of the fluid, are also important in determining the final location of the particle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1795-1806
Number of pages12
JournalLangmuir
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2018

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