Interfragmentary shear has been perceived as inhibitory to bone healing. We think this is because of inadequate balance between stimulatory and disruptive interfragmentary displacement magnitudes in the shear direction. We hypothesized that pure shear is not necessarily detrimental to bone healing. This was investigated by comparing bone healing under interfragmentary torsional shear, axial compression, and no applied motion. Applied motion was controlled carefully with similar interfragmentary principal strain magnitudes found to stimulate healing under axial compression. The observation period was 8 weeks. Torsional rotation stimulated intercortical mineralized callus formation with greater area than the group without applied motion, and led to a stiffness and rate of bony bridging similar to that of the no motion group. Axial compression stimulated less intercortical mineralized callus of a lower density than the no motion group, and there also was little bridging. These results support the hypothesis that interfragmentary shear does not necessarily inhibit bone healing.
|Journal||Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|