Sensitive and rapid immunoassay for parathyroid hormone using magnetic particle labels and magnetic actuation

W.U. Dittmer, P. Kievit, de, M.W.J. Prins, J.L.M. Vissers, M.E.C. Mersch, M.F.W.C. Martens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


A rapid method for the sensitive detection of proteins using actuated magnetic particle labels, which are measured with a giant magneto-resistive (GMR) biosensor, is described. The technique involves a 1-step sandwich immunoassay with no fluid replacement steps. The various assay binding reactions as well as the bound/free separation are entirely controlled by magnetic forces induced by electromagnets above and below the sensor chip. During the assay, particles conjugated with tracer antibodies are actuated through the sample for target capture, and rapidly brought to the sensor surface where they bind to immobilized capture antibodies. Weakly or unbound labels are removed with a magnetic force oriented away from the GMR sensor surface. For the measurement of parathyroid hormone (PTH), a detection limit in the 10 pM range is obtained with a total assay time of 15 min when 300 nm particles are used. The same sensitivity can be achieved in 5 min when 500 nm particles are used. If 500 nm particles are employed in a 15-minute assay, then 0.8 pM of PTH is detectable. The low sample volume, high analytical performance and high speed of the test coupled with the compact GMR biosensor make the system especially suitable for sensitive testing outside of laboratory environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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