Semantic rule-checking for regulation compliance checking: an overview of strategies and approaches

Pieter Pauwels, Sijie Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


As more and more architectural design and construction data is represented in the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model, it makes sense to take advantage of the underlying logical basis of RDF and realise a semantic rule-checking process as it is currently not available in architectural design and construction industry. Such a semantic rule-checking process would be of considerable value to regulation compliance checking procedures, because the additional logical basis would (1) allow consistency checking of the rules in the regulations (and thus a better management of the rules), (2) allow a faster, more transparent and more reliable implementation of regulation compliance checking procedures (rules are human-readable and more easily changeable), and (3) provide the option to rely on available reasoning engines and generate proofs without any additional implementation effort. Obviously, there are a number of strategies and approaches that can be followed regarding the realisation of such a rule-checking process. In this article, we will outline a number of rule-checking approaches that have been reported for semantic rule-checking in the AEC domain, including rule-based checking algorithms implemented on BIM platforms as plug-ins, Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) rule based checking relying on an external rule engine, and N3Logic-based rule checking using a backward-chaining procedure. For every approach, a number of implementation procedures will be considered. This will result in a comprehensive strategic overview at the end of the paper, which can be used as a guide for parties interested in implementing a semantic rule-checking process for regulation compliance checking.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 32nd CIB W78 Conference on Information Technology in Construction
EditorsJakob Beetz, Léon van Berlo, Timo Hartmann, Robert Amor
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event32nd International CIB W78 conference - Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 27 Oct 201529 Oct 2015


Conference32nd International CIB W78 conference

Bibliographical note

ugent:id 6890589 ugent:classification C1


  • BIM
  • regulations
  • linked data
  • rule checking
  • compliance
  • SWRL


Dive into the research topics of 'Semantic rule-checking for regulation compliance checking: an overview of strategies and approaches'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this