Self-regulation: women's key to unlocking the resources in the self-domain

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In this study we examined in organizational contexts in which women have a minority position whether women's daily in-role performance benefits from spent time on personal interests that provide motivation, energy, and intention necessary to remain motivated and productive at work (i.e., self-work facilitation). We suggest that particularly women can benefit from self-work facilitation by using selfregulation strategies (i.e., mastery approach, daily self-goal setting, daily self-rewarding) to increase their in-role performance. Sixty-three employees (61.7% women) filled out a questionnaire during five consecutive workdays. The results showed that a mastery approach and daily self-rewarding were positively associated with women's daily self-work facilitation, but not men's self-work facilitation. These self-regulation strategies had an indirect effect on daily in-role performance via self-work facilitation. An important implication of this study is that the investigated self-regulation strategies are trainable and they provide an excellent opportunity for women in minority positions to increase their functioning at work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-56
Number of pages11
JournalZeitschrift für Psychologie
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • In-role performance
  • Minority position
  • Self-regulation
  • Self-work facilitation


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