Secret rate - Privacy leakage in biometric systems

T. Ignatenko, F.M.J. Willems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Ahlswede and Csiszár [1993] introduced the concept of secret sharing. In their source model two terminals observe two correlated sequences. It is the objective of the terminals to form a common secret by interchanging a public message (helper data) in such a way that the secrecy leakage is negligible. In a biometric setting, where the sequences correspond to the enrollment and authentication data, respectively, it is crucial that the public message leaks as little information as possible about the biometric data, since compromised biometric data cannot be replaced. We investigated the fundamental trade-offs for four biometric settings. The first one is the standard (Ahlswede Csiszár) secret generation setting, for which we determined the secret-key vs, privacy-leakage rate region. Here leakage corresponds to the mutual information between helper data and biometric enrollment sequence. In the second setting the secret is not generated by the terminals but independently chosen, and transmitted using a public message. Again we determined the region of achievable rate-leakage pairs. In setting three and four we consider zero-leakage, i.e. the public message contains only a negligible amount of information about the secret and about the biometric enrollment sequence. To achieve this a private key is needed, which can be observed only by the terminals. We considered again both secret generation and secret transmission and determined for both cases the region of achievable secret-key vs. private-key rate pairs. © 2009 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2009, 28 June - 3 July 2009, Seoul
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages2251-2255
ISBN (Print)9781-424443130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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