## Abstract

The idea is to find out whether 2^{nd} law efficiency optimization may be a suitable trade-off between maximum work output and maximum 1^{st} law efficiency designs for a regenerator gas turbine engine operating on the basis of an open Brayton cycle. It is shown that an ideal Brayton-type engine with or without a regenerator cannot operate at fully reversible limit; regime of zero entropy generation. Hence, the 2^{nd} law efficiency of the power cycle is defined as the ratio of the 1^{st} law efficiency to the efficiency of the ideal power cycle. For an ideal cycle, minimization of entropy production is equivalent to maximization of the system thermal efficiency. Except at regenerator effectiveness of 50 percent, at which maximum work output, maximum 1^{st} law efficiency, and minimum entropy generation become identical, no relation is observed between these three optimization criteria for an irreversible engine. A design region is established within which pressure ratio of a real engine must lie between optimum pressure ratios corresponding to maximum work output and maximum 1^{st} law efficiency, respectively, as the upper and the lower limits of this region. The results indicate that the 2^{nd} law efficiency optimization is approximately equivalent to maximum work output design when regenerator effectiveness is between 0.78 and 0.82. For the regenerator effectiveness beyond 0.82, the 2^{nd} law efficiency optimization may be considered as a trade-off between optimized work output and 1^{st} law efficiency. However, if the effectiveness value happens to be less than 0.78, the 2^{nd} law efficiency optimization may give no useful design information.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | ECOS 2010 Volume I (Thermodynamics): Proceedings of ECOS 2010 Conference in Lausanne |

Publisher | Aabo Akademi University |

Pages | 37-44 |

Number of pages | 8 |

ISBN (Print) | 9781456303006 |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jan 2010 |

Event | 23rd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation, and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2010 - Lausanne, Switzerland Duration: 14 Jun 2010 → 17 Jun 2010 |

### Conference

Conference | 23rd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation, and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2010 |
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Country | Switzerland |

City | Lausanne |

Period | 14/06/10 → 17/06/10 |

## Keywords

- Optimization
- Optimum pressure ratio
- Regenerative gas turbine cycle
- Second law efficiency