Scatterometric signatures of multivariate drop impacts on fresh and salt water surfaces

P.W. Sobieski, C.V.G. Craeye, L.F. Bliven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microwave signatures of the ocean surface are a¿ ected by wind and rain. To support the development of theoretical models for remote sensing applications, radar scatterometry experiments at 13.5 and 36GHz with VV polarization were conducted at the Rain± Sea Interaction Facility at NASA Wallops. Backscatterings from rain drop impacts on fresh and salt water surfaces were measured with an incidence angle of 30ß for eight di¿ erent drop sizes. Results are also presented for terminal and non-terminal fall velocities. Surface features were imaged by an ultrahigh-speed digital camera synchronizedwith radar data acquisition and their geometrical characteristics were determined. Backscattered powers from crowns, craters, stalks and ring-waves were measured and compared. These measurements con® rm that for slant radar con® gurations, ring-waves are the dominant scattering contribution, even though stalk scattering is not negligible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2149-2166
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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