Scalable wafer-to-fiber transfer method for lab-on-fiber sensing

Luca Picelli (Corresponding author), Anne van Klinken, Gustav Lindgren, Kaylee D. Hakkel, Francesco Pagliano, Niccoló Fiaschi, Ivana Sersic - Vollenbroek, P.J. (René) van Veldhoven, Rob W. van der Heijden, Andrea Fiore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We present an efficient and flexible method to realize micro- and nano-optical structures on the tip of optical fibers. We demonstrate this approach for a fiber-tip sensor consisting of a photonic crystal (PhC) structure in a semiconductor membrane on the cleaved facet of a telecom fiber. The PhC structure is fabricated on a wafer by lithography and etching and then transferred to the fiber facet by a simple mechanical pickup process through an opening in the substrate, without the need for adhesives or a micromanipulator. Due to its reliability, scalability, and the use of wafer-scale fabrication methods, this process increases the possibilities for fiber-tip applications at the industrial level. With the fabricated fiber tip sensors, we demonstrate sensing of the refractive index and temperature, with resonance wavelength shifts of 120 nm/RIU and 95 pm/K, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Article number151101
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume117
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Nano optics
  • Optical fiber
  • Thermal Instruments
  • Photonic Crystals
  • Optical properties
  • Semiconductor nanostructures
  • Sensor
  • Refractometry
  • Fiber optic devices
  • Nanopatterning

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