Sample enrichment in high speed narrow bore capillary gas chromatography

A.J.J. van Es, J.G.M. Janssen, C.A.M.G. Cramers, J.A. Rijks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic


Reduction of the column diameter has proved a highly efficient tool to increase the speed of analysis. Unfortunately the requirements for instrumental design with respect to sample input band width, low dead volume interfacing and time constants of detection and registration systems are the more critical the smaller the inside diameter. Recently we reported input band widths as low as 1 ms for gaseous samples at ppm concentration levels, without any preconcentration, in a study with narrow bore columns and thermal conductivity detection. In this study a simple versatile micro on-column cold trap/thermodesorption enrichment system for narrow bore columns is introduced and evaluated. The combination of considerable sample enrichment and preservation of the compatibility of the required input band width with column dimensions is critically examined. The process of thermodesorption (reinjection) which is the most critical step, is particularly emphasized. The system consists of a short aluminum coated fused silica or metal capillary with a low mass and a low cost electrical heating. Input band widths down to 1 ms are obtained without extreme demands on electrical power (300 Watt). The potential of the system is illustrated with some extremely fast separations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNinth International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, Monterey, California, USA
EditorsP. Sandra
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Event9th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography - Conference Center, Monterey, United States
Duration: 16 May 198819 May 1988


Conference9th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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