Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development

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Abstract

This work gives an outlook on the potential of automated driving functions (ADFs) to reduce real-world CO 2
CO2
and pollutant emissions for heavy-duty powertrains. Up to now, ADF research mainly focuses on increased traffic safety, driver comfort, and road capacity. Studies on emissions are lacking. By taking the driver out-of-the-loop, cycle-to-cycle variability is removed and energy losses and large accelerations can be significantly reduced. This enhances emission performance robustness, which will allow for more fuel-efficient engine settings. A general, optimal control framework is introduced, which integrates ADF with energy and emission management. Based on predictions of the vehicle power demand and emissions, a desired vehicle velocity profile, which minimizes the overall vehicle energy consumption, is determined. In this approach, real-world tailpipe emissions are explicitly taken into account. This opens the route to emission trading on vehicle or even, on platoon, fleet, and traffic level. For the combined ADF and powertrain development, testing, and certification, various opportunities are presented to fully exploit the synergy between these systems and to reduce development time and costs. By equipping vehicles with an emission monitoring system, real-world data of the ADF emission reduction potential becomes available. As validated traffic and component aging models are lacking, this data is also valuable for realistic scenario development and uncertainty modeling in virtual or mixed testing. This will lead to improved robustness evaluation and performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationControl strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions
Subtitle of host publicationdevelopment, testing and verification
EditorsHarald Waschl, Ilya Kolmanovsky, Frank Willems
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Chapter2
Pages29-45
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-91569-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-91568-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences
PublisherSpringer
Volume476
ISSN (Print)0170-8643

Fingerprint

Powertrains
Testing
Energy dissipation
Energy utilization
Aging of materials
Engines
Monitoring
Costs

Cite this

Willems, F. P. T., van Gompel, P., Seykens, X. L. J., & Wilkins, S. (2018). Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development. In H. Waschl, I. Kolmanovsky, & F. Willems (Eds.), Control strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions : development, testing and verification (pp. 29-45). (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences; Vol. 476). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91569-2_2
Willems, F.P.T. ; van Gompel, P. ; Seykens, X.L.J. ; Wilkins, S. / Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development. Control strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions : development, testing and verification. editor / Harald Waschl ; Ilya Kolmanovsky ; Frank Willems. Cham : Springer, 2018. pp. 29-45 (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences).
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abstract = "This work gives an outlook on the potential of automated driving functions (ADFs) to reduce real-world CO 2 CO2 and pollutant emissions for heavy-duty powertrains. Up to now, ADF research mainly focuses on increased traffic safety, driver comfort, and road capacity. Studies on emissions are lacking. By taking the driver out-of-the-loop, cycle-to-cycle variability is removed and energy losses and large accelerations can be significantly reduced. This enhances emission performance robustness, which will allow for more fuel-efficient engine settings. A general, optimal control framework is introduced, which integrates ADF with energy and emission management. Based on predictions of the vehicle power demand and emissions, a desired vehicle velocity profile, which minimizes the overall vehicle energy consumption, is determined. In this approach, real-world tailpipe emissions are explicitly taken into account. This opens the route to emission trading on vehicle or even, on platoon, fleet, and traffic level. For the combined ADF and powertrain development, testing, and certification, various opportunities are presented to fully exploit the synergy between these systems and to reduce development time and costs. By equipping vehicles with an emission monitoring system, real-world data of the ADF emission reduction potential becomes available. As validated traffic and component aging models are lacking, this data is also valuable for realistic scenario development and uncertainty modeling in virtual or mixed testing. This will lead to improved robustness evaluation and performance.",
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Willems, FPT, van Gompel, P, Seykens, XLJ & Wilkins, S 2018, Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development. in H Waschl, I Kolmanovsky & F Willems (eds), Control strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions : development, testing and verification. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences, vol. 476, Springer, Cham, pp. 29-45. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91569-2_2

Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development. / Willems, F.P.T.; van Gompel, P.; Seykens, X.L.J.; Wilkins, S.

Control strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions : development, testing and verification. ed. / Harald Waschl; Ilya Kolmanovsky; Frank Willems. Cham : Springer, 2018. p. 29-45 (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences; Vol. 476).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development

AU - Willems, F.P.T.

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AU - Seykens, X.L.J.

AU - Wilkins, S.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This work gives an outlook on the potential of automated driving functions (ADFs) to reduce real-world CO 2 CO2 and pollutant emissions for heavy-duty powertrains. Up to now, ADF research mainly focuses on increased traffic safety, driver comfort, and road capacity. Studies on emissions are lacking. By taking the driver out-of-the-loop, cycle-to-cycle variability is removed and energy losses and large accelerations can be significantly reduced. This enhances emission performance robustness, which will allow for more fuel-efficient engine settings. A general, optimal control framework is introduced, which integrates ADF with energy and emission management. Based on predictions of the vehicle power demand and emissions, a desired vehicle velocity profile, which minimizes the overall vehicle energy consumption, is determined. In this approach, real-world tailpipe emissions are explicitly taken into account. This opens the route to emission trading on vehicle or even, on platoon, fleet, and traffic level. For the combined ADF and powertrain development, testing, and certification, various opportunities are presented to fully exploit the synergy between these systems and to reduce development time and costs. By equipping vehicles with an emission monitoring system, real-world data of the ADF emission reduction potential becomes available. As validated traffic and component aging models are lacking, this data is also valuable for realistic scenario development and uncertainty modeling in virtual or mixed testing. This will lead to improved robustness evaluation and performance.

AB - This work gives an outlook on the potential of automated driving functions (ADFs) to reduce real-world CO 2 CO2 and pollutant emissions for heavy-duty powertrains. Up to now, ADF research mainly focuses on increased traffic safety, driver comfort, and road capacity. Studies on emissions are lacking. By taking the driver out-of-the-loop, cycle-to-cycle variability is removed and energy losses and large accelerations can be significantly reduced. This enhances emission performance robustness, which will allow for more fuel-efficient engine settings. A general, optimal control framework is introduced, which integrates ADF with energy and emission management. Based on predictions of the vehicle power demand and emissions, a desired vehicle velocity profile, which minimizes the overall vehicle energy consumption, is determined. In this approach, real-world tailpipe emissions are explicitly taken into account. This opens the route to emission trading on vehicle or even, on platoon, fleet, and traffic level. For the combined ADF and powertrain development, testing, and certification, various opportunities are presented to fully exploit the synergy between these systems and to reduce development time and costs. By equipping vehicles with an emission monitoring system, real-world data of the ADF emission reduction potential becomes available. As validated traffic and component aging models are lacking, this data is also valuable for realistic scenario development and uncertainty modeling in virtual or mixed testing. This will lead to improved robustness evaluation and performance.

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-91569-2_2

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-91569-2_2

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-91568-5

T3 - Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences

SP - 29

EP - 45

BT - Control strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions

A2 - Waschl, Harald

A2 - Kolmanovsky, Ilya

A2 - Willems, Frank

PB - Springer

CY - Cham

ER -

Willems FPT, van Gompel P, Seykens XLJ, Wilkins S. Robust real-world emissions by integrated ADF and powertrain control development. In Waschl H, Kolmanovsky I, Willems F, editors, Control strategies for advanced driver assistance systems and autonomous driving functions : development, testing and verification. Cham: Springer. 2018. p. 29-45. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91569-2_2