This roadmap collects eight brief articles elaborating on the interaction of nanomedicines with human biology; the biomedical and clinical applications of nanomedicines; and the importance of patient stratification in the development of future nanomedicines. The first article reports on the role of geometry and mechanical properties in nanomedicine rational design; while the second articulates on the interaction of nanomedicines with cells of the immune system and the third deals with exploiting endogenous molecules, such as albumin, to carry therapeutic agents. The second group of articles highlights the successful application of nanomedicines in the treatment of cancer with the optimal delivery of nucleic acids, diabetes with the sustained and controlled release of insulin, stroke by using thrombolytic particles and atherosclerosis with the development of targeted nanoparticles. Finally, the last contribution comments on how nanomedicine and theranostics could play a pivotal role in the development of personalized medicines.
As this roadmap cannot cover the massive development of nanomedicine over the past 15 years, only a few major achievements are highlighted as the field progressively matures from the initial hype to the consolidation phase.
- Cancer therapy