Riccati-based design of event-triggered controllers for linear systems with delays

D.P. Borgers, V.S. Dolk, W.P.M.H. Heemels

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74 Citations (Scopus)
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In event-triggered control (ETC) systems, the measured state or output of the plant is sent to the controller at so-called event times. In many ETC systems, these event times are generated based on a static function of the current state or output measurement of the system and its sampled-and-held version that is available to the controller. Hence, the event-generator does not include any dynamics of its own. In contrast, dynamic event-generators trigger events based on additional dynamic variables, whose dynamics depend on the state or output of the system. In this paper, we propose new static and dynamic continuous event-generators (which require continuous measuring of the plant output) and periodic eventgenerators (which only require periodic sampling of the plant output) for linear control systems with communication delays. All event-generators we propose lead to closed-loop systems which are globally exponentially stable with a guaranteed decay rate, L2 -stable with a guaranteed L2 - gain, and have a guaranteed positive minimum inter-event time. By using new Riccati-based analysis tools tailored to linear systems, the conservatism in our decay rate and L2 -gain estimates is small. The dynamic event-generators even further reduce this conservatism, and as a result typically generate significantly fewer events than their static counterparts, while guaranteeing the same control performance. The benefits of these new event-generators are demonstrated via two numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-188
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Linear matrix inequalities
  • Linear systems
  • Networked control systems
  • Riccati equations


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