Rhodium complexes of sterically demanding diphosphonites : coordination chemistry and catalysis

J.I. Vlugt, van der, R.J. Sablong, P.C.M.M. Magusin, A.M. Mills, A.L. Spek, D. Vogt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The coordination chem. of various sterically constrained diphosphonites 1-6 with rhodium are reported. The stoichiometric reaction of ligand 5 with [Rh(m-Cl(CO)2]2 gives rise to the sole formation of trans-[RhCl(CO)(5)] (7), as shown by NMR and IR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallog. The mol. structure reveals a weak interaction between the metal center and the oxygen from the xanthene backbone. This complex serves as a structural model for the first intermediate in the catalytic cycle of rhodium hydroformylation, [Rh(H)(CO)(P P)]. A detailed study on the soln. structure of the catalyst resting state under catalytic conditions is performed by high-pressure NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. The spectroscopic data show that under hydroformylation conditions the bidentate ligands form well-defined complexes with the structure [Rh(H)(CO)2(P P)]. All ligands show preference for a bis-equatorial (ee) coordination mode in the trigonal-bipyramidal Rh complexes. These novel sterically constrained diphosphonite ligands are applied in the rhodium hydroformylation of 1-octene and 2-butene, and good activities and regioselectivities are obtained
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3177-3183
Number of pages7
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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