Interface topologies and boiling phenomena are observed within the water jet impingement zone during quenching of a high temperature (300 °C–900 °C) steel plate by direct optical observations. Stable film boiling may occur, but surface asperities may easily penetrate the vapor film and interact with the flowing liquid. By cooling down more rapidly than the remaining solid surface, such asperities act as a kind of micro-fin. Rather surprisingly, non-coalescing bubbles on top of the thin vapor film have been observed, probably formed on top of penetrating surface asperities. After establishing contact between water and solid, so after rewetting, an intense bubble activity is normally seen of bubbles that are footed on a dry plate area with a contact line reflecting the light-emitting diode lights and condensing at later times. These are vapor bubbles. A high surface roughness promotes rewetting that may be initiated at several places simultaneously. For an initial plate temperature of 300 °C and a total height roughness of 5 μm, rewetting took place without the occurrence of a vapor film; surfaces at or above 450 °C exhibited vapor film formation, even for a high jet subcooling of 80 °C. Temperature and time of rewetting are strongly affected by the initial surface temperature and jet subcooling and less by the jet velocity. New correlations are provided to predict these dependencies.