(R)evolutionary improvements in the design of interventional X-ray systems

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Abstract

Interventional X-ray systems are used to acquire 2D and 3D images of complex anatomical structures (e.g. the cardiovascular system). These images provide a clinician with feedback in a medical procedure, which enables advanced minimally invasive treatments. A typical interventional X-ray system contains an X-ray source and detector, connected by a C-shaped arm. Several stacked motion systems enable the C-arm and imaging equipment to move spherically around an isocentre. This allows for 2D X-ray images to be taken at various projection angles. Other imaging techniques such as 3D computed tomography are enabled by this core functionality. Developments in interventional X-ray systems are often a compromise between performance, clinical usability, and cost. This paper presents three novel mechatronic architectures, which are designed to break through this trade-off. The proposed designs aim to improve the interventional X-ray system on multiple, application-specific levels. The first system focusses on improved image quality and clinical usability of 3D scans (high-end applications). A dual stage design allows for significantly extended and faster scanning motions, with a 55% smaller footprint in the operating room. It is based on a quasi-kinematic roll guide design, resulting in less nonlinear behaviour, and improved alignment of the imaging equipment. The second system decreases cost and installation requirements, while maintaining and adding to the current imaging capability (low-end applications). By reconsidering the degrees of freedom needed, a lightweight design is created (>50% mass reduction), with an improved stiffness to mass ratio. Both system 1 and 2 present an evolutionary improvement on existing architectures. As a revolutionary alternative, the third system pursues high-end performance and optimised workflow, at reduced overall cost. It features a compact and lightweight (~500 kg) mechatronic design which makes optimal use of the space available in the operating room. A full scale mock-up of this system has been built. Currently, a detailed design, including hardware realisation is being made for experimental performance validation at subsystem level.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, Conference Proceedings - 19th International Conference and Exhibition, EUSPEN 2019
EditorsRichard K. Leach, D. Billington, C. Nisbet, D. Phillips
PublisherEuropean Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology
Pages534-537
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780995775145
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event19th International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, (EUSPEN 2019) - Bilbao, Spain
Duration: 3 Jun 20197 Jun 2019
https://www.euspen.eu/events/19th-ice-bilbao/

Conference

Conference19th International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, (EUSPEN 2019)
Abbreviated title(EUSPEN2019)
CountrySpain
CityBilbao
Period3/06/197/06/19
Internet address

Keywords

  • Interventional radiology
  • Interventional X-ray systems
  • Light
  • Mechatronics
  • Stiff design

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  • Cite this

    van Pinxteren, J., Vermeulen, H., & Van Loon, R. (2019). (R)evolutionary improvements in the design of interventional X-ray systems. In R. K. Leach, D. Billington, C. Nisbet, & D. Phillips (Eds.), European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, Conference Proceedings - 19th International Conference and Exhibition, EUSPEN 2019 (pp. 534-537). European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology.