Resuscitation skills of lay public after recent training

Hubert J.J.M. Berden, Joost J.L.M. Bierens, Frank F. Willems, Jo M.A. Hendrick, Nico H.J. Pijls, Johannes T.A. Knape

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66 Citations (Scopus)


Study objective: To investigate the ability of laypeople to apply basic CPR techniques after recent training. Design: Cross-sectional assessment of practical CPR skills. Type of participants: 151 laypeople who were trained twice in the preceding 20 to 24 months. Measurements and main results: Practical skills were tested using six primary recorded variables that describe the quality of CPR techniques in a training situation. A total score on the skills of each participant was computed on the basis of a predefined scoring system. Thirty-three percent of the participants were able to perform adequate CPR. The compression: relaxation ratio, the breathing volume, and the breathing interval were points of concern. Conclusion: Practical skills in basic CPR after a 12-month training interval, though better in this study than in many previous studies, are insufficient in the majority of laypeople. The results of this study could be used to design a better tailored (re)instruction program, with an emphasis on regular, frequent refresher courses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1008
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes


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