The present paper studies the ballistic performance of Ultra-High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) applying multi-layered concept against the 7.62 mm projectile at 840 m/s. Coarse basalt aggregates are incorporated in the UHPFRC under the premise of reducing the cement powder consumption and taking advantages of their superior ballistic resistance. We found that the designed triple-layered UHPFRC 16a1s(40)-8a1s(10)-16a1s(40) achieves a superior impact resistance compared to the single-layered reference, with a 32% reduction of the penetration depth. The improved resistance of the triple-layered UHPFRC is associated with the multiple effects of the coarse aggregate, the layer interface, the fibers direction in the thin middle layer, and the edge confinement of the rear layer. Moreover, a new analytical model is proposed to predict the penetration depth in the multi-layered UHFRC, which can take the varying mechanical properties of the layered targets into consideration. The results from this study shed light on understanding the ballistic performance of layered UHPFRC, and promote its application in protective constructions.
- Ballistic penetration
- Coarse aggregate
- Layered structure
- Steel fibers
- Ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC)