This paper proposes a competition and cooperation relationship model between high-speed rail and air transport based on the two-stage game theory. Firstly, it builds a one dimensional evolutionary game model from the perspective of passengers to calculate the best competition range. Then, it builds a competition and cooperation relationship model between high-speed rail and air transport from the perspective of price based on Cournot game theory. Finally, it uses the Bertrand game theory to apply the model through a distance perspective, and discusses the competition and cooperation between high-speed rail and air transport in order to find a scientific strategy to achieve a win-win situation. The results show that a distance range of 650 km ∼ 850 km is the most intense competition area between air transport and high-speed rail. With the increase of transportation distance, the game strategy of air transport changes from cooperation to competition. On the contrary, the strategy of high-speed rail changes from competition to cooperation.
- Bertrand game
- Cournot game
- High-speed rail and civil aviation
- The two-stage game model