Research collaboration at a distance : changing spatial patterns of scientific collaboration in Europe

J. Hoekman, K. Frenken, R.J.W. Tijssen

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Abstract

This study analyses the changing effect of physical distance and territorial borders (regional, national, language) on the intensity of research collaboration across European regions. Using data on all co-publications between 313 regions in 33 European countries for the period 2000–2007, we find that the bias to collaborate with physically proximate partners did not decrease, while the bias towards collaboration within territorial borders did decrease over time. Our results show that the ongoing process of European integration is removing territorial borders, but does not render collaboration less sensitive to physical distance. Given this general trend, there is considerable heterogeneity between regions and countries in their propensity to collaborate which we attribute to differences in size, quality and accessibility. The findings and conclusions are framed within the context of European research policies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-673
Number of pages12
JournalResearch Policy
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Scientific collaboration
Research collaboration
European countries
European regions
European integration
Propensity
Research policy
Language
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Hoekman, J. ; Frenken, K. ; Tijssen, R.J.W. / Research collaboration at a distance : changing spatial patterns of scientific collaboration in Europe. In: Research Policy. 2010 ; Vol. 39, No. 5. pp. 662-673.
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Research collaboration at a distance : changing spatial patterns of scientific collaboration in Europe. / Hoekman, J.; Frenken, K.; Tijssen, R.J.W.

In: Research Policy, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2010, p. 662-673.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Research collaboration at a distance : changing spatial patterns of scientific collaboration in Europe

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AU - Frenken, K.

AU - Tijssen, R.J.W.

PY - 2010

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AB - This study analyses the changing effect of physical distance and territorial borders (regional, national, language) on the intensity of research collaboration across European regions. Using data on all co-publications between 313 regions in 33 European countries for the period 2000–2007, we find that the bias to collaborate with physically proximate partners did not decrease, while the bias towards collaboration within territorial borders did decrease over time. Our results show that the ongoing process of European integration is removing territorial borders, but does not render collaboration less sensitive to physical distance. Given this general trend, there is considerable heterogeneity between regions and countries in their propensity to collaborate which we attribute to differences in size, quality and accessibility. The findings and conclusions are framed within the context of European research policies.

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