Representing and estimating interactions between activities in a need-based model of activity generation

E.W.L. Nijland, T.A. Arentze, H.J.P. Timmermans

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Abstract

Although several activity-based models made the transition to practice in recent years, modelling dynamic activity generation and especially, the mechanisms underlying activity generation are not well incorporated in the current activity-based models. For example, current models assume that activities are independent, but to the extent that different activities fulfil the same underlying needs and act as partial substitutes, their interactions/dependencies should be taken into account. This paper describes the parameter estimation of a need-based activity generation model, which includes the representation of possible interaction effects between activities. A survey was carried out to collect activity data for a typical week and a specific day among an adequate sample of individuals. The diary data contain detailed information on activity history and future planning. Estimation of the model involves a range of shopping, social, leisure and sports activities, as dependent variables, and socioeconomic, day preference, and interaction variables, as explanatory variables. The results show that several person, household, and dwelling attributes influence activity-episode timing decisions in a longitudinal time frame and, thus, the frequency and day choice of conducting the social, leisure and sports activities. Furthermore, interactions where found in the sense that several activities influence the need for other activities and some activities affect the utility of conducting another activity on the same day.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 90th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board
Place of PublicationWashington, D.C.
Pages1-18
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event90th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting - Washington, United States
Duration: 23 Jan 201127 Jan 2011

Conference

Conference90th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington
Period23/01/1127/01/11

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