Regimes of two-dimensionality of decaying shallow axisymmetric swirl flows with background rotation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


Both background rotation and small depths are said to enforce the two-dimensionality of flows. In the current paper, we describe a systematic study of the two-dimensionality of a shallow monopolar vortex subjected to background rotation. Using a perturbation analysis of the Navier–Stokes equations for small aspect ratio [formula] (with H the fluid depth and L a typical radial length scale of the vortex), we found nine different regimes in the parameter space where the flow is governed to lowest order by different sets of equations. From the properties of these sets of equations, it was determined that the flow can be considered as quasi-two-dimensional in only five of the nine regimes. The scaling of the velocity components as given by these sets of equations was compared with results from numerical simulations to find the actual boundaries of the different regimes in the parameter space (hEk, hRe ), where hEk is the Ekman boundary layer thickness and hRe is the equivalent boundary layer thickness for a monopolar vortex without background rotation. Even though background rotation and small depths do promote the two-dimensionality of flows independently, the combination of these two characteristics does not necessarily have that same effect.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-244
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 2012


Cite this