ReflectionScope: Scaffold students to articulate reflection during design-based learning processes

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Supporting students to make their reflections visible and accessible during the inquiry-based process can enhance the learning outcomes and foster reflective thinking. This research examines how technology can play a role in scaffolding students to create contextualized reflection-in-action products which can contribute to reflection-on-action in design-based learning classroom. In this paper, we present the design of a multimedia tool called ReflectionScope, which offers contextualized scaffolding to prompt students to monitor their action and create reflective videos using the digital video-camera or visual “scope” attached. Twenty-one secondary school students (aged 13) used ReflectionScope in a two-weeks design-based learning class. An analysis of the reflective video’s students created during this class and the post-interview, shows that students articulate their reflection-in-action in a structured way with context-rich information. Students perceived that the videos are beneficial for retrieving and understanding the contextual reflection-in-action moments for reflection-on-action. Based on our findings, we propose design principles that can contribute to designing for reflection practices which can be enhanced by media-technology in real-world inquiry-based learning environments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCSEDU 2020 - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Supported Education
EditorsH. Chad Lane, Susan Zvacek, James Uhomoibhi
PublisherSCITEPRESS-Science and Technology Publications, Lda.
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9789897584176
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event12th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 2 May 20204 May 2020


Conference12th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2020
CityVirtual, Online


  • Design-based Learning
  • Digital Learning Environment
  • Reflection
  • Reflection Support Tool


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