Recapitulating the Vasculature using organ-on-chip technology

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Abstract

The development of Vasculature-on-Chip has progressed rapidly over the last decade and recently, a wealth of fabrication possibilities has emerged that can be used for engineering vessels on a chip. All these fabrication methods have their own advantages and disadvantages but, more importantly, the capability of recapitulating the in vivo vasculature differs greatly between them. The first part of this review discusses the biological background of the in vivo vasculature and all the associated processes. We then evaluate the biological relevance of different fabrication methods proposed for Vasculature-on-Chip, we indicate their possibilities and limitations, and we assess which fabrication methods are capable of recapitulating the intrinsic complexity of the vasculature. This review illustrates the complexity involved in developing in vitro vasculature and provides an overview of fabrication methods for Vasculature-on-Chip in relation to the biological relevance of such methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7010017
Number of pages18
JournalBioengineering
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Microfabrication
  • Microfluidics
  • Organ-on-chip
  • Vasculature
  • Vasculogenesis

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