In molecular dynamics and sampling of high dimensional Gibbs measures coarse-graining is an important technique to reduce the dimensionality of the problem. We will study and quantify the coarse-graining error between the coarse-grained dynamics and an effective dynamics. The effective dynamics is a Markov process on the coarse-grained state space obtained by a closure procedure from the coarse-grained coefficients. We obtain error estimates both in relative entropy and Wasserstein distance, for both Langevin and overdamped Langevin dynamics. The approach allows for vectorial coarse-graining maps. Hereby, the quality of the chosen coarse-graining is measured by certain functional inequalities encoding the scale separation of the Gibbs measure. The method is based on error estimates between solutions of (kinetic) Fokker-Planck equations in terms of large-deviation rate functionals.
- effective dynamics for SDEs
- functional inequalities
- Langevin equation
- large-deviation rate functionals
- relative entropy techniques