Until recently, more than 2200 Swan Ganz catheters were used annually in the operating rooms (OR) and intensive care unit (ICU) of the Catharina Hospital in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. After cardiologists who were specialists in echocardiography (ECHO) trained anesthesiologists in ECHO, the need for these catheters in cardiac and noncardiac surgery was reduced. Initially intended as a local teaching project, an ECHO teaching compact disk (CD) was produced during the training and distributed later worldwide, thanks to a positive review in a major anesthesiology publication. By reducing the number of Swan Ganz catheters, the hospital could finance and acquire two echocardiography machines for the OR and ICU. The availability of these machines resulted in a further reduction of the number of Swan Ganz catheters. However, the need for quantification (eg, measurements of cardiac output) remained. During the creation of the ECHO teaching CD, the idea was born to apply indicator-dilution principles on injected echo contrast. This study was performed in cooperation with the Signal Processing Department of the Eindhoven University of Technology. Advanced signal processing and modelling were used to develop algorithms to enable quantification of intrapulmonary blood volume, ejection-fraction, and flow from the transesophageal echocardiography approach. These quantitative measurements, which can be performed on an outpatient basis, may become a real asset in cardiology, anesthesiology, and intensive care.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|