Pulsed corona tar cracker

E.J.M. Heesch, van, A.J.M. Pemen, K. Yan, S.V.B. Paasen, van, K.J. Ptasinski, P.A.H.J. Huijbrechts

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Abstract

This research concentrates on the application of pulsed corona discharges to crack heavy tar components (hydrocarbons) of thermally generated biogas into lighter ones. The method has the advantage that it can operate at a high temperature and be retrofitted to existing installations. The corona discharge is energized by 100-150-ns-wide voltage pulses (100 kV) at a continuous repetition rate of 600-1000 pulses per second. The power dissipated by the corona discharges is 1.5 kW average and 50 MW peak in each pulse. To be cracked by discharges, the hydrocarbons of the tar mixture need to be gaseous, and therefore, the corona reactor must operate at a high temperature. During this first phase of the program, the reactor runs at a modest temperature of up to 200°C. The reactor is a 3-m-long stainless steel cylinder, 0.25-m diameter with a corona wire along the axis. The pressure is 1 atmosphere
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1571-1575
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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tars
electric corona
coronas
reactors
hydrocarbons
pulses
installing
stainless steels
repetition
cracks
wire
atmospheres
electric potential
temperature

Cite this

Heesch, van, E. J. M., Pemen, A. J. M., Yan, K., Paasen, van, S. V. B., Ptasinski, K. J., & Huijbrechts, P. A. H. J. (2000). Pulsed corona tar cracker. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 28(5), 1571-1575. https://doi.org/10.1109/27.901235
Heesch, van, E.J.M. ; Pemen, A.J.M. ; Yan, K. ; Paasen, van, S.V.B. ; Ptasinski, K.J. ; Huijbrechts, P.A.H.J. / Pulsed corona tar cracker. In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 2000 ; Vol. 28, No. 5. pp. 1571-1575.
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Heesch, van, EJM, Pemen, AJM, Yan, K, Paasen, van, SVB, Ptasinski, KJ & Huijbrechts, PAHJ 2000, 'Pulsed corona tar cracker', IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1571-1575. https://doi.org/10.1109/27.901235

Pulsed corona tar cracker. / Heesch, van, E.J.M.; Pemen, A.J.M.; Yan, K.; Paasen, van, S.V.B.; Ptasinski, K.J.; Huijbrechts, P.A.H.J.

In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2000, p. 1571-1575.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Heesch, van, E.J.M.

AU - Pemen, A.J.M.

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AU - Paasen, van, S.V.B.

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AB - This research concentrates on the application of pulsed corona discharges to crack heavy tar components (hydrocarbons) of thermally generated biogas into lighter ones. The method has the advantage that it can operate at a high temperature and be retrofitted to existing installations. The corona discharge is energized by 100-150-ns-wide voltage pulses (100 kV) at a continuous repetition rate of 600-1000 pulses per second. The power dissipated by the corona discharges is 1.5 kW average and 50 MW peak in each pulse. To be cracked by discharges, the hydrocarbons of the tar mixture need to be gaseous, and therefore, the corona reactor must operate at a high temperature. During this first phase of the program, the reactor runs at a modest temperature of up to 200°C. The reactor is a 3-m-long stainless steel cylinder, 0.25-m diameter with a corona wire along the axis. The pressure is 1 atmosphere

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Heesch, van EJM, Pemen AJM, Yan K, Paasen, van SVB, Ptasinski KJ, Huijbrechts PAHJ. Pulsed corona tar cracker. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 2000;28(5):1571-1575. https://doi.org/10.1109/27.901235