Pulsed corona generation using a diode-based pulsed power generator

A.J.M. Pemen, I.V. Grekhov, E.J.M. Heesch, van, K. Yan, S.A. Nair, S.V. Korotkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
416 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Pulsed plasma techniques serve a wide range of unconventional processes, such as gas and water processing, hydrogen production, and nanotechnology. Extending research on promising applications, such as pulsed corona processing, depends to a great extent on the availability of reliable, efficient and repetitive high-voltage pulsed power technology. Heavy-duty opening switches are the most critical components in high-voltage pulsed power systems with inductive energy storage. At the Ioffe Institute, an unconventional switching mechanism has been found, based on the fast recovery process in a diode. This article discusses the application of such a "drift-step-recovery-diode" for pulsed corona plasma generation. The principle of the diode-based nanosecond high-voltage generator will be discussed. The generator will be coupled to a corona reactor via a transmission-line transformer. The advantages of this concept, such as easy voltage transformation, load matching, switch protection and easy coupling with a dc bias voltage, will be discussed. The developed circuit is tested at both a resistive load and various corona reactors. Methods to optimize the energy transfer to a corona reactor have been evaluated. The impedance matching between the pulse generator and corona reactor can be significantly improved by using a dc bias voltage. At good matching, the corona energy increases and less energy reflects back to the generator. Matching can also be slightly improved by increasing the temperature in the corona reactor. More effective is to reduce the reactor pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4361-4365
Number of pages5
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume74
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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