Propene/Ethene-[1-13C] copolymerization as a tool for investigating catalyst regioselectivity. 2. The MgCl2/TiCl4-A1R3 system

V. Busico, R. Cipullo, C. Polzone, G. Talarico, J.C. Chadwick

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The propene/ethene-[1-13C] copolymerization method has been applied to measure precisely the regioselectivity in propene polymerization of the "simple" MgCl2/TiCl4 catalyst (activated with Al(iBu)3), which can be viewed as the ancestor of all present-day MgCl2-supported industrial catalysts containing Lewis bases as selective modifiers. It has been found that the average content of 2,1-regiomistakes in the polypropylene produced is fairly high (ca. 0.7 mol %), althoughnot unexpectedly, due to the multisite catalyst naturethese are distributed rather nonuniformly throughout the polymer. The difficulty in detecting the 2,1-units, despite their relatively high concentration, in the 13C NMR spectra of homopolymer samples at natural 13C abundance has been traced to their occurrence in a variety of stereochemical environments, which leads to splitting and broadening of the corresponding resonances. The fraction of "dormant" polypropylene chains with a 2,1-last-inserted unit was estimated to be in the 20-50% range. QM calculations of regioselectivity on classical Corradini-type models of epitactic octahedral catalytic Ti species turned out to be in basic agreement with the experiment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2616-2622
JournalMacromolecules
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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