Suppose we are given a proof of knowledge P in which a prover demonstrates that he knows a solution to a given problem instance. Suppose also that we have a secret sharing scheme S on n participants. Then under certain assumptions on P and S, we show how to transform P into a witness indistinguishable protocol, in which the prover demonstrates knowledge of the solution to a subset of n problem instances corresponding to a qualified set of participants. For example, using a threshold scheme, the prover can show that he knows at least d out of n solutions without revealing which d instances are involved. If the instances are independently generated, this can lead to witness hiding protocols, even if P did not have this property. Our transformation produces a protocol with the same number of rounds as P and communication complexity n times that of P. Our results use no unproven complexity assumptions.
|Published - 1995