Promoting fan engagement: an exploration of the fundamental motives for sport consumption amongst premier league football spectators

Frederick W. Stander, Llewellyn E. van Zyl, Kemiso Motaung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The aim of this study was to examine whether fan engagement could be predicted by the motivational dimensions of sport consumption. A sample of 806 football sport fans (African = 85%, male = 67.4%, part of an organised supporters club = 57.6%) were participants. They completed the Fan Engagement Scale (FES), the Motivation Scale for Sport Consumption (MSSC) and a biographical questionnaire. Structural equation modelling was applied to evaluate the postulated regressive paths between the motivational dimensions for sports consumption and fan engagement. The motivational dimensions for sport consumption were clustered into personal and game-related factors. Both these clusters of factors were predictive of fan engagement. Customer engagement (CE) theory appears to explain the findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-315
JournalJournal of Psychology in Africa
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • fan engagement
  • motivation for sport consumption
  • consumer behaviour
  • customer engagement theory
  • structural equation modelling

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