Prominence caused by rising and falling pitch movements with different positions in the syllable

D.J. Hermes, H.H. Rump

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractAcademic

Abstract

The object of this study was to investigate whether subjects are able to compare the prominence caused by different types of accent-lending pitch movements, and, if so, whether some pitch movements lend more prominence to a syllable than others. These experiments were carried out with the utterance/mamáma/, with the second syllable accented by either a rise, a fall, or a rise–fall. Subjects adjusted the variable excursion size of a comparison stimulus to the fixed excursion size of a test stimulus in such a way that the accented syllable in test and comparison stimuli had equal prominence. The rise–fall was only presented in standard position, the fall and the rise were tested for five different positions in the syllable. It is concluded that subjects are well able to equate the prominence of syllables accented by various types of pitch movement, viz., a rise–fall in standard position, a rise starting before the vowel onset, and a fall whatever its position in the syllable. Moreover, when lending equal prominence, the early starting rise and the rise–fall have equal excursion sizes. The fall, however, appears to lend more prominence to a syllable than the rise or the rise–fall of equal excursion size, independent of its position in the syllable. This difference increased with increasing declination of the pitch contour.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2340-
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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