Prognostic value of fractional flow reserve measured immediately after drug-eluting stent implantation

Zsolt Piroth, Gabor G. Toth, Pim A.L. Tonino, Emanuele Barbato, Soheila Aghlmandi, Nick Curzen, Gilles Rioufol, Nico H.J. Pijls, William F. Fearon, Peter Jüni, Bernard de Bruyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The predictive value of fractional flow reserve (FFR) measured immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent placement has not been prospectively investigated. We investigated the potential of post-PCI FFR measurements to predict clinical outcome in patients from FAME 1 and 2 trials (Fractional Flow Reserve or Angiography for Multivessel Evaluation).

METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients of FAME 1 and FAME 2 who had post-PCI FFR measurement were included. The primary outcome was vessel-oriented composite end point at 2 years, defined as vessel-related cardiovascular death, vessel-related spontaneous myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization. Eight hundred thirty-eight vessels in 639 patients were analyzed. Baseline FFR values did not differ between vessels with versus without vessel-oriented composite end point (0.66±0.11 versus 0.63±0.14, respectively; P=0.207). Post-PCI FFR was significantly lower in vessels with vessel-oriented composite end point (0.88±0.06 versus 0.90±0.06, respectively; P=0.019). Comparing the 2-year outcome of lower and upper tertiles of post-PCI FFR significant difference was found favoring upper tertile in terms of overall vessel-oriented composite end point (9.2% versus 3.8%, respectively; hazard ratio, 1.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.08; P=0.037) and target vessel revascularization (7.0% versus 2.4%, respectively; hazard ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.46; P=0.037). When adjusted to sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, target vessel, serial stenosis, and baseline percentage diameter stenosis, a strong trend was preserved in terms of target vessel revascularization (harzard ratio, 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 0.97-2.46; P=0.066), favoring the upper tertile. Post-PCI FFR of 0.92 was found to have the highest diagnostic accuracy; however, the positive likelihood ratio remained low (<1.4).

CONCLUSIONS: A higher post-PCI FFR value is associated with a better vessel-related outcome. However, its predictive value is too low to advocate its use as a surrogate clinical end point.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere005233
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • drug-eluting stent
  • hospitalization
  • myocardial infarction
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

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